No one expects the spanish inquisition

modernartastorture

French anarchist Alphonse Laurencic inspired himself in the works of Salvador Dali and Wassily Kandinsky to create jail cells, like this one in the photo, with a sloping beds almost impossible to sleep on, irregularly shaped bricks on the floor to prevent prisoners from walking straight, and walls covered with surrealist patterns and lighting effects designed to make prisoners distressed and confused.

The cells were built for the republican forces fighting Franco’s Fascist army, those imprisoned in such cells found themselves subject not just to actual torture, but torture directly inspired by modernist aesthetic principles.

Has Modern Art Always Been Torture?

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Welcome back, brothers

129It is believed that the first Jews settled in the Iberian Peninsula at the time of Nabucodonosor, King of the Chaleans (6th century) or even before, at the time of Solomon who reigned in Israel from 974B.C. to 937B.C. (…) Sephardic Jews in Spain were able to prosper and live in relative peace under both Muslim and Christian rule until Catholics Kings Ferdinand and Isabel issued the Alhambra Decree in 1492. This resulted in forced conversions to Catholicism, killings and expulsion of all Sephardic Jews in Spain. Later, in 1497, King Manuel I of Portugal decreed that all Jews had to convert to Christianity or leave the country, hard times followed for the Portuguese Jews, with deportation, exile, persecution and death.

A few days ago I’ve mentioned “the descendants of Sephardic Jews banished from Spain in 1492 will now be able to regain Spanish nationality“. Also following a recent amendment to Portugal’s “Law on Nationality”, descendants of Jews who were expelled in 1497 can become citizens if they “belong to a Sephardic community of Portuguese origin with ties to Portugal.” Now descendents of Moriscos, Muslims expelled in the 17th century, want Spain to do the right thing by them as well. After the last Muslim ruler of the Emirate of Granada surrendered to Ferdinand II and Isabella I, the Catholic Kings it was promptly published an edict mandating conversion to Catholicism or would be facing deportation. Hundreds of those families found a home in the Moroccan cities, where they still preserve their Spanish surnames.

If any Neanderthal expelled from these lands by some Homo Sapiens is out there, just say something! As we say in Portugal ,”Ou comem todos ou há moralidade”, “or everyone eats or there’s a morality” literally. :D

Mr. Bean: The Ultimate Disaster

Ecce Homo by Elias Garcia Martinez has held pride of place in the Sanctuary of Mercy Church near Zaragoza for more than 100 years.

The woman took her brush to it after years of deterioration due to moisture.

The woman, in her 80s, was reportedly upset at the way the fresco had deteriorated and took it on herself to “restore” the image.

Balcanização Ibérica

«España es el estado heredero de aquel Reino de Castilla que una vez fue la más poderosa nación sobre la faz de la Tierra(…) Hoy España es una nación moderna y desarrollada pero muy alejada de su papel de superpotencia de antaño. Todavía persiste en el pueblo español un cierto complejo de inferioridad al saberse incapaz de recuperar Gibraltar o de competir con Francia, Reino Unido, Alemania o Italia. La envidia es el gran pecado nacional. España es un país artificial, y por tanto tiende a la desintegración: cinco guerras civiles en tres siglos es un signo evidente de anormalidad. Por centurias fue un estado centralista y uniformizador, donde sólo lo castellano tenía cabida. Las distintas lenguas y culturas locales sufrieron un etnocidio que casi les lleva al abismo.

Ahora esta Castilla ampliada recoge los frutos en forma de balcanización: el independentismo crece en Euskadi , Cataluña, Galicia y Canarias. España actúa como cárcel de naciones y les niega el derecho de autodeterminación pues si una sola de sus regiones se separase el efecto dominó reventaría el estado como a una piñata.

En pocos años, el país ha pasado de ser agrario a vivir del turismo y los servicios. Es una nación de católicos no practicantes con un patrimonio arquitectónico, histórico y cultural abrumador.  Patria de fútbol y de toros. Tierra de genios como Francisco de Goya, Pablo Picasso, Luis Buñuel,  Federico García Lorca… España se desangra entre las fuerzas centrípetas del centralismo mesetario y las centrífugas de la periferia separatista. Cada día más vive de espaldas a Latinoamérica y de cara a la Unión Europea (UE). Es una de las diez primeras potencias del globo pero a la vez una patria dividida y un estado frágil como el cristal.»

A maldição dos Habsburgos

Para além das beiças os Habsburgos desbarataram o Siglo de Oro, Carlos Ve a familia estoiraram as riquezas castelhanas em guerras por toda a Europa em nome dos seus interesses, emitindo moratórias de dívida várias vezes.

Os problemas causados ​​pela inflação foram discutidos pelos estudiosos da Escola de Salamanca mas não teve impacto sobre no governo dos Habsburgos.

Ainda assim  as elites preferiram investir em juros(dívida pública) o ouro e prata vindos da América, em vez da manufactura e da agricultura, perpetuando também o preconceito aristocrático medieval que via no trabalho manual uma desonra. Atitude essa que já tinha começado a mudar noutras paragens. A circulação da prata e do ouro ajudou a facilitar as revoluções economicas e sociais nos Países Baixos, França e Inglaterra enquanto noutras ajudou a sufocá-las.

Saludos de España

Ruben L. Oppenheimer, cartonista holandês com nome de rapazola que faz bombas nucleares publicou no NRC Handelsblad desta bojarda… cartoon.

Vai nadar p’ro Reno, ó FDPThe Dutch royal family has overtaken that of Britain to become the most expensive in western Europe, according to annual research by Belgian professor Herman Matthijs. In total, queen Beatrix and her children cost the Netherlands €39.4m, including €18m in personal costs, RTL news quotes Matthijs as saying. This is four times the cost of keeping the Spanish royal family, RTL said.(…) The figures do not include the cost of security. The most expensive head of state is the French president who costs France €112m in income, and personnel.»

Bem, já me passou!! Desculpem, não volta a acontecer… ficar do lado dos espanhóis. :)